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Pre-publication curation is, in effect, a bet on teasing future influence of a selected article, whereas post-publication curation sunstroke symptoms closer to reporting wins or losses. In particular, post-publication curation offers the following advantages. Author-driven dissemination in the life sciences already exists on publishing platforms.

The defining feature of publishing platforms is that they empower authors to make publishing decisions. Preprint servers share author-posted articles before they undergo peer review at a journal, with no delay to dissemination. The arXiv preprint server has been used for decades in the physics community. Open-access publishing platforms are positioned to increasingly complementand perhaps eventually replacejournals as major publication venues for primary research articles.

High-volume publishing on these platforms allows primary research to be published faster, because authors decide when to publish original and revised articles. Overall, the combined cost of publication on platforms and post-publication curation can be significantly lower than the current cost of journals because many primary research articles may not need post-publication curation; in fact, some fraction of specialized articles may not even need formal peer review, because the few scientists who access these articles on preprint servers can quickly evaluate rigor and quality of the data themselves.

We envision a platform infrastructure that enables different providers to offer diverse servicespublication of versioned articles from preprints to the final version of record, quality controls before publication, peer review, optics and laser technology editing, post-publication curation, etc. One business model would enable service providers to charge a fee for service. Competition among service providers could create an environment of experimentation on publishing platforms that would, over time, identify the most valuable and cost-effective services.

There is an argument for research funders to financially support publishing platforms and the services that run on them, scarlet fever least until publishing volume has increased to levels that can sustain the platforms through service fees. Some journals could become publishing platforms over time, shedding editorial gatekeeper roles.

The editorial gatekeeper role before peer review could Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA replaced when it becomes feasible and culturally acceptable to use community approaches or algorithms to allocate peer reviewer resources wisely.

Bioverlay uses academic editors to select amgen abbvie for peer review.

Further experimentation with different peer review models could improve efficiency and quality of peer review on publishing platforms. Future curation journals could retain many of their current features, Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA subscription income, independent editors and editorial boards, and nontransparent evaluations. A particularly valuable curation service would be to identify significant claims in published articles that are questionable or could not be validated in the community.

Today, such judgments are largely restricted to the privacy of expert circles. If discoverable through reputable curation services, these judgments could motivate authors to publish rigorous research.

To illustrate what this input could look like, consider the following process: Every few months, an advisory board of experts nominates articles for a given set of categories. The selection that follows the nomination process can be informed by a mix of crowdsourcing, i. The combination of community input and independent editorial oversight ensures that the selection process is not a simple popularity contest.

Selection of an article Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA signaled by tagging the article with aconitum napellus badge (see below) and can be justified with Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA short review. Established scientists are already overburdened with peer review requests from journals.

And starting post-publication curation with early-career group leaders and trainees may further mitigate this challenge: early-career scientists are not yet overburdened with peer review duties, have the most to gain from building Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA alternative evaluation and reward system in academia, and are still directly involved in hands-on research.

Ultimately, if publishing on platforms becomes mainstream and post-publication curation is recognized as a critical service for science, the burden on scientists and editors will shift from deciding what to publish Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA curating what is already published. Even if curation after publication is deemed highly valuable, it remains an untested business model. Research funders could support curation services initially, but academic libraries would ultimately have to subscribe to them to make them sustainable.

It may be difficult to monetize the selection outcome itself, but scholarly reviews that justify the selections could be subscription worthy. There are opportunities to develop and experiment with new models of curation to explore what is most valuable for the scientific enterprise and sustainable for providers. One way to dissuade the use of journal-level metrics Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA the JIF in the evaluation of scientists is to develop better proxies that reflect quality Pregnyl (Chorionic Gonadotropin for Injection)- FDA of articles.

Like post-publication curation, badges could be multidimensional. Authors could contribute to badging through structured citationse. Other badges could be generated directly on publishing platforms by aggregating peer reviewer scores or by including short summary statements that distill key aspects of the paperoriginality, significance, key findings, remaining reviewer concerns, target audience, etc.

Finally, some badges could take full advantage of internet capabilities and be generated automatically through crowdsourcing and analytics over time (citations, readability, data usage, etc.

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